The Difference Between Over and Under Pronation

Pronation is the way the foot rolls inward when you walk and run. It is part of the natural movement that helps the lower leg deal with shock. Some people pronate more (overpronation) or less (underpronation) than others. If you are an over or under-pronator, it is not the result of an injury, but rather caused by the height of your arch and your “gait cycle”. Then if you vary from “normal” pronation at all, the only thing you will have to worry about is considering different footwear that can help your foot compensate for the difference in impact and reduce the amount of shock that a specific part of your foot is trying to absorb on its own. Let us go through the differences between normal, under, and over pronation so that you can see where your feet land, and pick the best shoes for support that you need.

Normal Pronation

This is when the outside part of the heel makes the initial contact with the ground, then the foot “rolls” inward about fifteen percent, comes in complete contact with the ground, and then pushes off with the forefoot evenly. This allows your foot to support your body weight without any problems by optimally distributing the impact from each step.

Underpronation

With underpronation, the outside of the heel will still make initial contact with the ground. After that, the inward movement of the foot occurs at less than fifteen percent (or almost none) which then means that the full impact of each step are concentrated on a smaller area of the foot (along the outside edge) and are not distributed as efficiently. This also means that during the push-off phase (as your foot is leaving the ground again) most of the work is done by the smaller toes on the outside of the foot. People who underpronate tend to have high arches.

Overpronation

Once again, with this gait type your foot will still strike at the outside of the heel first. At that point, the foot will roll inward more than fifteen percent which means that your foot and ankle have problems stabilizing your body. and your lower leg absorbs more impact than it has to. Your ankle may angle in quite a bit as you run, causing a good amount of “side-to-side” movement in your feet. As you push off, the front of your foot will push off the ground using mainly the big toe and second toe, which then has to carry all of your body weight. People who overpronate tend to have little to no arches.

"Those tests can create the perfect portrait of your lower body mechanics and give you the information that you need to get arch support shoes or shock absorbing shoes that your feet need to support your body properly "

How can you know what kind of pronation your feet go through as you run? The best way is to visit a podiatrist that can do a “gait test”. They will have you walk on a treadmill that has special pressure sensors. Those sensors can show how and where your foot is impacting the ground as you move forward. They may also record a short video of your feet to see the angles at which your feet and ankles strike the ground and then lift as you walk. Those tests can create the perfect portrait of your lower body mechanics and give you the information that you need to get arch support shoes or shock absorbing shoes that your feet need to support your body properly.

"This athletic all-in-one has superlight all-synthetic uppers that seamlessly shape to your foot and KURUKLOUD™ Foam that creates unsurpassed cushioning and energy return during toe-off"

What Kind of Shoes Are Best?

Running shoes are designed to fit many different needs. There are many that can give specific support and help with the motion of different pronation patterns. When you pick your next pair of running or walking shoes keep these things in mind so you can get the most from your choice:

QUANTUM

The QUANTUM does it all! With a performance mesh upper and Superior Insole™ that seamlessly shape to your foot you know that you are getting a superior match for your foot. Need a little wiggle room for your toes? The QUANTUM has a broad toe box to allow for natural movement and keep you comfortable. This shoe is ideal for aerobic and cross-training because it provides great support during lateral movement as well as forward motion.

KRUZR II

The KRUZR II is the shoe that can keep up with your busy schedule. It makes the transition from hiking and walking to urban casual seamlessly. And it is equipped with durable tough toe and heel caps to ensure that you get a lot of miles out of every pair. The HEELHUGR™ cushion in the footbed will adapt to your foot as you step, cradling your heel and helping you maintain a more natural stride.

CARRERA

This is KURU’s fastest shoe. The CARRERA (getting it’s name from the Spanish term for race) is ideal for running, high-performance training, and cross-training. This athletic all-in-one has superlight all-synthetic uppers that seamlessly shape to your foot and KURUCLOUD™ Foam that creates unsurpassed cushioning and energy return during toe-off. Speaking of seamless, this style has no bulky seams to cause rubbing or hot spots during your long training sessions. Finally, with the KURUSOLE™ Allegro™ midsole performance chassis, you can count on unparalleled support from this athletic shoe.

The best thing you can do for your feet is find a shoe that can provide the support you need and help you maintain a natural stride. And KURU does not shy away from the challenge. Our shoes were created with the idea that footwear should not only be highly functional and aid in the overall health of your feet but also be supremely comfortable. So grab a pair of KURU shoes and open life! Nothing can stop you now.